Marijuana has many different chemical compounds. Each of these handles a particular characteristic of the plant. You’re probably familiar with one of the compounds: chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is what makes plants, including cannabis, green. Another important chemical compound is terpene, which gives plants different aromas and flavors.
Cannabinoids: The Most Important Chemicals
Cannabinoids are cannabis’ most important chemicals. They are responsible for giving the plant its medical and recreational characteristics. So far, scientists have identified more than 120 cannabinoids. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two cannabinoids that are better known.
Cannabinoids have been used to help with addictions, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis and more. Below, are some of the better known and beneficial compounds:
THC is responsible for the “high” that people experience after consuming marijuana. It has also been found to be a mild painkiller. This cannabinoid has some antioxidant qualities as well.
CBD, in contrast to THC, does not give you that psychoactive effect. In fact, using CBD can reduce the sensation of being high. CBD also has many medical benefits such as managing chronic pain and reducing inflammation. Relieving symptoms of depression and anxiety are other benefits that CBD has been shown to have for those who use it.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is another cannabinoid that doesn’t have psychoactive effects. CBG has antibacterial properties. Scientists think that CBG can slow or stop the growth of bacteria, and it also reduces inflammation and encourages bone growth.
Cannabidivarin (CBDV) is like CBD in its chemical makeup. However, it reacts to different receptors in the body. There has been promising research using CBDV in epilepsy management.
Cannabichromene (CBC) has been shown to reduce pain and inflammation. It also helps slow the growth of cancer and tumor cells. CBC encourages the growth of bone. Cannabis plants that are tropical in nature are the ones that most often have higher levels of CBC.
21 New Cannabinoids Discovered
Research about cannabinoids’ effects has been going on for decades. Researchers have only begun to understand the true benefits of cannabinoids. This was supported recently by a study that researchers from the University of British Columbia carried out.
First, the researchers collected 33 strains of cannabis from licensed Canadian producers. The purpose of the study was to find out the reasons for the different effects of the cannabis strains. The first theory suggests it’s about the levels of THC and CBD consumed. Another theory, assured that it was about the ratio or balance, of CBD and THC.
These scientists actually identified 21 brand new compounds that are like cannabinoids. They also realized that the levels of THC and CBD aren’t very different among the strains of cannabis. This was in contrast to what has been believed for many years.
The differences between the strains of marijuana were due to the levels of CBD and THC only 36 percent of the time. The other 64 percent was because there were other cannabinoids in the strains. It was these unknown cannabinoids that set the strains apart from one another.
Informal breeders focused solely on those strains that offered the highest THC levels. As a result, the plant’s diversity suffered. At present, those strains that have THC levels of more than 20 percent can no longer produce CBD. Those strains were also found to have fewer of the recently discovered cannabinoids.
Today, the industry has taken a more scientific approach to the breeding of cannabis. A structured breeding program is the mark of a quality company. Knowledge of the benefits of cannabinoids is likely to increase. This measured approach is one that will result in a high-quality product that could change your life.